What are Plaque Psoriasis | Causes, Signs & Symptoms

Plaque Psoriasis is one of the five different types of psoriasis. It is, therefore, important to first understand what psoriasis is before digging deep into plaque psoriasis. Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune condition. The skin cells rapidly build up in this condition, and this results in scaling. 

It is relatively common to have redness and inflation around the scales. The scales are mostly whitish in color, which later develops into thick and rapid paces. In severe cases, the scales break, and it results in bleeding.

The most common type of psoriasis is plaque psoriasis. Almost 80% of psoriasis belongs to this category. Plaque psoriasis affects knees, elbows, and the scalp. Plaque psoriasis causes red and inflamed patches on the skin. To check whether you are suffering from Plaque psoriasis or not, you can check the list symptoms mentioned in the next section. 

Signs and Symptoms of Plaque Psoriasis

The most common symptoms of plaque psoriasis are:

  • Inflamed patches of skin that are red. 
  • Silver scales (plaque) around the red patch.
  • Dehydrated skin that can result in cracking and bleeding
  • Sore patches
  • Itching of the spots. Sometimes, a burning sensation may also exist. 
  • Pitted and thick nails 
  • Swollen and painful joints

One might not experience all the symptoms of plaque psoriasis. However, if three to four symptoms match, it is better if you book an appointment with a doctor. 

Causes of Plaque Psoriasis

The exact causes of plaque psoriasis are still unknown. However, recent researches have brought down the origins of plaque to two key factors. These are genetics and the immune system. 

If the cause of the plaque psoriasis is genetic, the genes are passed down from the parents. If the children inherit the diseased genes from the parents, they will likely have psoriasis. If an immediate family member has psoriasis, the risk of developing the disease on your own is high. However, the National Psoriasis Foundation has said that the genetic cause of psoriasis is extremely less. And most of the people suffer from psoriasis as a result of their immune system. 

The second cause of plaque psoriasis is the immune system. We have already discussed that plaque psoriasis is a case of an autoimmune condition. In this condition, the body attacks itself. In plaque psoriasis, the T-cells attack the skin cell. The white blood cells protect our body, but in plaque psoriasis, it starts attacking the skin cells. As a result, the production of skin cells increases. The increase in skin cells takes place at a rapid pace. The newly formed skin cells are then pushed to the surface of the skin, and it piles up on the surface. 

Apart from that, one might have a dormant condition of psoriasis. Different external factors might trigger the dormant condition. Few of them are:

ï       Stress

ï       Alcohol

ï       Injury

ï       Infection

ï       Medications

In such a case, it particularly becomes vital to have a healthy lifestyle to prevent the trigger. Even though psoriasis can affect any age group, it is mostly diagnosed in adulthood. In case if you doubt matching the symptoms, it is advised that you visit a doctor to get it properly diagnosed.

Written by Rahis Saifi

Rahis Saifi always remains passionate towards innovation and his love for gadgets has been exhibited in his writing. His knack to learn more and more had turned him too passionate towards learning. His learning attitude had shaped him as a perfect writer, He writes about technology, gadgets, blogging, smartphone tips and tricks and software reviews.

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